By David Sepkoski
This ebook is the 1st dedicated to smooth biology’s innovators and iconoclasts: women and men who challenged triumphing notions of their fields. a few of these scientists have been Nobel Prize winners, a few have been thought of cranks or gadflies, a few have been in reality incorrect. The tales of those obdurate dissenters are separately interesting. Taken jointly, they supply exceptional insights into the position of dissent and controversy in technology and particularly the expansion of organic idea over the last century.
Each of the book’s nineteen specifically commissioned chapters bargains an in depth portrait of the highbrow uprising of a specific scientist operating in a big sector of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology in addition to others. An creation via the volume’s editors and an epilogue by way of R. C. Lewontin draw connections one of the case experiences and light up the nonconforming scientist’s the most important functionality of traumatic the relaxation of these within the majority. by means of concentrating on the dynamics and influence of dissent instead of on “winners” who're credited with clinical advances, the ebook provides a refreshingly unique standpoint at the background of the existence sciences.
Scientists featured during this volume:
Alfred Russel Wallace
Raymond Arthur Dart
C. D. Darlington
Oswald T. Avery
Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards
William D. Hamilton
Stephen Jay Gould
Daniel S. Simberloff
Essays on Analytical Chemistry: In reminiscence of Professor Anders Ringbom is a set of analytical chemistry papers and learn stories in honor of the reminiscence of Professor Anders Ringbom, a hugely esteemed researcher and instructor. The papers are grouped lower than the next headings: Chemical Equilibria, Titrations, Photometric research, Electrochemistry, Separations, hint research, Kinetic research, and different Analytical subject matters. This booklet is equipped into 8 components encompassing fifty two chapters. the 1st half bargains with the concept that of chemical equilibria in acid-base and steel complexes. the following components disguise the functions of other titration concepts, photometric research, electrochemistry, and separation ideas. different elements spotlight the foundations and alertness of hint research, together with the decision of heavy metals and airborne particulates. The final elements comprise papers that research the analytical software of the speed phenomena of numerous chemical reactions. those components additionally take on the subjects of sampling, statistical research in analytical chemistry, and the beneficial properties of photoelectron spectroscopy and capillary electrophoresis. This e-book could be of serious worth to analytical chemists, researchers, and analytical chemistry scholars.
By Anne Sayre
Rosalind Franklin's learn used to be critical to the invention of the double-helix constitution of DNA. She by no means obtained the credits she was once due in the course of her lifetime.
during this vintage paintings Anne Sayre, a journalist and shut buddy of Franklin, places the checklist immediately. photos
From a starting in an Egyptian Delta city and the port of Alexandria to the scenic vistas of sunny southern California, Ahmed Zewail takes us on a voyage via time his personal existence and the split-second global of the femtosecond. during this attractive exposé of his lifestyles and paintings until eventually his receipt of the Nobel Prize in 1999, Zewail explores in non-technical language the panorama of molecules glimpsed at the scale of 1 quadrillionth of a moment: the femtosecond, zero. 000 000 000 000 001 moment. Zewail enriches the adventure into the unusual territory of femtochemistry with insightful analogies and illustrations to assist either the overall reader and the scientifically prone. He likewise attracts classes from his lifestyles tale up to now, and he meditates at the effect the revolution in technology has had on our sleek international in either built and constructing international locations. He indicates a concrete plan of action for the realm of the have-nots, and ends the ebook with desire for Egypt in constructing the nation's maximum traditional source its early life to construct a extra promising destiny, and for the US to improve a brand new imaginative and prescient locally and internationally.
A feminist who made lifelong enemies nearly as simply as she made buddies, Royer used to be by no means capable of adopt formal, complex schooling and was once a manufactured from her personal self-study efforts. simply in her previous few years was once she officially well-known through a number of specialist societies and provided the French Legion of Honor. Harvey contains an summary of prior biographical remedies, the textual content of an 1874 verbal exchange on "Women, technology, and the delivery Rate," and wide notes.
By George H. Daniels
In this primary attempt to outline an American clinical group, initially released in 1968, George Daniels has selected for particular examine the fifty six scientists such a lot released within the sixteen medical journals pointed out as “national” throughout the interval 1815 to 1845. In this reprint version, with a brand new preface and creation, Daniels indicates how American scientists emerged from a disorganized team of amateurs right into a expert physique sharing a typical orientation and customary goals.
It's a heartwarming and extremely inspiring tale approximately Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar, the main uncommon mathematical physicist India has produced. In a protracted and memorable profession, Chandrasekhar has performed many amazing issues yet this booklet concentrates totally on considered one of them, specifically, the invention of the Chandrasekhar restrict.
By Richard C Dales
The scientists of the 12th century have been bold, unique, creative, and specially decided to find in basic terms rational reasons of traditional phenomena. Their severe curiosity within the flora and fauna for its personal sake, their behavior of exact remark, and the excessive price they position on guy as a rational being portend a brand new age within the historical past of medical proposal. This e-book deals a complete sampling of medieval clinical idea within the context of an historic narrative.
By Ben Yandell
This eminently readable booklet makes a speciality of the folks of arithmetic and attracts the reader into their attention-grabbing global. In a enormous tackle, given to the foreign Congress of Mathematicians in Paris in 1900, David Hilbert, might be the main revered mathematician of his time, built a blueprint for mathematical study within the new century. Jokingly known as a average creation to thesis writing with examples, this choice of difficulties has certainly turn into a guiding proposal to many mathematicians, and people who succeeded in fixing or advancing their suggestions shape an Honors category between study mathematicians of this century. In a extraordinary hard work of affection and with the help of a number of the significant avid gamers within the box, Ben Yandell has written a desirable account of the achievements of this Honors classification, masking mathematical substance and biographical facets.